© Pieter Vandermeer - Tineke de Lange
BiographyJan Wagner was born in Hamburg in 1971 and lives in Berlin. He studied English at the University of Hamburg, at Trinity College, Dublin, and at Humboldt University, Berlin, where he wrote his master’s thesis about the latest generation of English-Irish poets. Wagner is a poet, essayist, critic (for the Frankfurter Rundschau among others), editor and translator of English poetry (by Charles Simic, James Tate and Simon Armitage, to name but a few). His poems have appeared in a variety of literary journals and are included in numerous anthologies. His debut collection of poems was published in 2001. In 2014, he was the first ever poet to receive the Leipzig Book Fair Award for his collection Regentonnenvariationen [Variations on a Rain Barrel].
A poem by Jan Wagner is a world in itself, a miniature. You keep on looking, at the garden overgrown with ground elder, at the three donkeys behind the fence, at the car slowly getting snowed in. And while you are looking, you feel your perspective shift, you see more dimensions, you become aware of the essence of the subject. In most cases, his starting point is concrete: a mole, silver thistles, but, ultimately, a poem about koalas, for example, is about quietening down, and an essay about sheets may encompass death.
Wagner’s poems bristle with surprising images: the banyan which ‘archives what used to be, as emptiness’, the otter which ‘slips back into its own mirror image’, and the often magnificent concluding sentences (in German here): ‘und sich bei ihr die jalousien senken’, ‘und wirklich sichtbar erst mit dem verschwinden’. The poems are also extremely musical: you hear the melody of the vowels, the instances of assonance and alliteration, the middle and end rhyme, and you hear the rhythm which is different in each poem, never strict and always playful.
Wagner varies between a 'free' form, a self-chosen scheme for rhyme or rhythm, or a fixed classical verse form such as the sonnet or the rondel. There is no one who masters these forms like he does. At key moments, he knows whether the poem he is working on demands a particular form: 'this isn’t about forms that must be filled; this is about using the form to let the poem fulfil itself'. Meanwhile, as he continues to play with such structures, he undermines them, and looks for escape routes, just as he does with rhyme. Wagner likes to use 'dirty' or 'lopsided' rhyme, for example, where German 'geräusch' rhymes with 'garage', 'schuld' with 'feld' and even 'watte' with 'water- / loo', since the possibilities for this sort of rhyme are endless.
Jan Wagner: ‘No, a poem will not change the world – but in itself, it is already an astonishingly changed world, which you can choose to enter or not. If you don’t, you will remain stuck in the traditional, but if you dare to take the plunge, you will receive a rich reward: on a few square centimetres of printed paper, you will encounter an immense space where things which are far apart in terms of time, geography and meaning will be joined together, where the most contradictory objects and paradoxes will come together’. (from the afterword by translator Ria van Hengel in the Dutch translation of Regentonnenvariationen, entitled Regentonvariaties, in 2016).
© Ria van Hengel (Translated by Christiane Zwerner)Bibliography
Selbstporträt mit Bienenschwarm. Ausgewählte Gedichte 2001-2015, Poems, Hanser Berlin, Berlin 2016
Regentonnenvariationen, Poems, Hanser Berlin, Berlin 2014
Die Eulenhasser in den Hallenhäusern. Drei Verborgene, Poems, Hanser Berlin, Berlin 2012
Die Sandale des Propheten. Beiläufige Prosa, Essays, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2011
Australien, Poems, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2010
Achtzehn Pasteten, Poems, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2007
Guerickes Sperling, Poems, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2004
Probebohrung im Himmel, Poems, Berlin Verlag, Berlin 2001
Poetry in translation
Regentonvariaties, Uitgeverij Podium, Amsterdam, 2016, translated by Ria van Hengel
Self-portrait with a Swarm of Bees, Arc Publications, Todmorden, 2015, translated by Iain Galbraith
LantarenVenster – Verhalenhuis Belvédère